Reindeer, Lapland and Rudolph

Reindeer
Reindeer are everywhere in Lapland! Traditionally it is the Sami people who tend to these and herd them around the Lapland region. There are two types living in the Lapland region, namely ‘Forest reindeer’ and Mountain/wild reindeer’. Both Mountain and Forest reindeer species are mainly found on the Finnish/Russian border, although Forest reindeer are also found in central/southern Finland.  
 
The reindeer of Lapland are of course famous for pulling Father Christmas’ sleigh at Christmas time. Santa is said to have eight reindeer (or nine including Rudolph) which are often said to fly on Christmas Eve; their names come from the 1823 poem ‘A visit from St. Nicholas’ where they are called Dasher, Dancer, Prancer, Vixen, Comet, Cupid, Dunder (later changed to Donner) and Blixem (later changed to Blitzen).
Dasher is said to lead the sleigh (before Rudolph) and is meant to be the speediest reindeer of the pack. Dancer is the second reindeer at the front and is considered to be the graceful reindeer.
Prancer is the third reindeer and is on the second row. He is thought to be the most powerful reindeer.
Vixen is the companion of Prancer and is positioned next to him on the second row, she is beautiful and also powerful.
Comet is the fifth reindeer and is said to be on the third row. He brings wonder and happiness to children when Father Christmas flies over everyone's houses.
Cupid is the sixth reindeer and is also on the third row, she brings love and joy to children.
Donner is the seventh reindeer and is said to be on the fourth row.
Lastly, Blitzen is the eighth reindeer and stands next to Donner on the fourth row. She is the "lightning reindeer, but is sometimes portrayed as a male.
“With a little old driver so lively and quick,
I knew in a moment it must be St. Nick.
More rapid than eagles, his coursers they came,
And he whistled and shouted and called them by name:

Now Dasher! Now Dancer! Now, Prancer and Vixen!
On, Comet! On, Cupid! On, Donner and Blitzen!
To the top of the porch! To the top of the wall!
Now dash away! Dash away! Dash away all!”
Our famous friend Rudolph was later added to Santa’s eight reindeer due to the popular Christmas song and story; ‘Rudolph the Red-Nosed Reindeer’, written by Robert L. May to be given to children at Christmas time.
 
In the story, Rudolph is the son of Donner. When Rudolph is born he has an unusually red nose that glows. The other reindeers tease Rudolph because of his unusually bright nose but their opinions soon change when Santa promotes Rudolph and his red nose to the front of the pack on a particularly foggy Christmas Eve:
 
“Rudolph, the red-nosed reindeer 
had a very shiny nose. 
And if you ever saw him, 
you would even say it glows. 

All of the other reindeer 
used to laugh and call him names. 
They never let poor Rudolph 
join in any reindeer games. 

Then one foggy Christmas Eve 
Santa came to say: 
"Rudolph with your nose so bright, 
won't you guide my sleigh tonight?" 

Then all the reindeer loved him 
as they shouted out with glee, 
Rudolph the red-nosed reindeer, 
you'll go down in history!”